World Vision and USAID bring hope to remote populations in Mozambique
Ocluvela, which means “hope” in the local language, was a five-year USAID P.L. 480 Title II multi-year assistance program implemented by World Vision in eight districts of Zambezia Province, Mozambique. It was implemented from August 2008 to July 2013 and had both a commodity component and a community-based food security component.
The commodity provided was wheat. Mozambique must depend on imported wheat to supply its bakers, food manufacturers and homes. A modest portion of annual wheat requirements was donated through the Title II food aid program each year. It was sold through an open tender process that created opportunities for small and medium-sized millers to bid. Since these companies buy wheat in small lots rather than commercialize-sized lots that are traded on the world market, and they do not have the ability to access international credit in order to import wheat, the sales increased access to wheat for producing flour, helped build the capacity of smaller firms, and expanded milling capacity in the country.
Proceeds from the wheat sale were used to support a community-based food security program in Zambezia, which was aligned with the Government of Mozambique’s agriculture and nutrition strategies. Although Zambezia is the most populated province in Mozambique, it remains isolated and remote. One of the consequences of this has been relatively poor access to services, including health, education, and agriculture.
The main goal of Ocluvela was to reduce food insecurity in the targeted areas through the use of an integrated approach that addresses the multi-sectoral causes of food insecurity. The program addressed the unique nature of chronic food insecurity coupled with vulnerability to external shocks by focusing on livelihoods, nutrition and health, and community resilience.
Ocluvela reached 27,777 farmers with agriculture extension services. Due to the introduction of silos and community grain storage warehouses, post-harvest grain storage loss was reduced from 40 percent to 10 percent. Conservation farming was the most successful agricultural technology introduced, with the adoption rate increasing from close to 0 percent to more than 65 percent, which led to decreased hunger as the average maize yield about doubled (farmers indicated this in focus group discussions).
The 9,899 households that were reached with agriculture and marketing activities saw an average increase of 35 percent in prices of their products due to formation of farmers associations and linkages with private companies.
In order to mitigate the effects of disasters, Ocluvela built the capacity of 50,608 people in 70 communities through the Gerando model, a holistic, community-based approach to reducing the impact of sudden onset and chronic disasters in communities by increasing community resilience, adopting pro-active strategies to anticipate problems (including simulations of disaster situations), strengthening local coping mechanisms, and building community capacity.
The project also reached 202,312 people with health and nutrition behavior change messages to increase access to health services, good nutrition, and knowledge of food and water hygiene practices. Ocluvela relied on community health volunteers to communicate messages to people like Catarina Jaime, a grandmother caring for her 5-year-old grandson.
“Milagre came to our house when he was only four months old, after his mother passed away,” Catarina explained. “He was always sick and malnourished due to the early introduction of other foods groups in his diet.”
Through an Ocluvela mothers and father group, Catarina learned from the community health volunteer about providing a nutritionally balanced diet for Milagre and was taught how to make enriched porridge for him.
“I saw my grandson growing strong and healthy! My family has changed our eating habits, and we hardly get sick,” Catarina said.
According to volunteers, men equally participated in health and nutrition activities, which helped reinforce positive outcomes for their whole families.
While there is more work to be done, focus group participants made it clear that through Ocluvela, USAID and World Vision were successful in bringing “hope” for livelihoods, health, and resilience to remote populations of Zambezia.
Food for Education in Bolivia
Through a U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) McGovern‐Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition program, Project Concern International (PCI) has helped improve the nutritional status of over 162,000 children in rural communities in Bolivia. Nationwide, almost two‐thirds of the Bolivian population lives in poverty. Food insecurity and low educational attainment have a significant, negative impact on Bolivia’s economy.
Moving Kenya’s Subsistence Farmers to Sustainability
Thanks to a World Council of Credit Unions (WOCCU) program in Kenya funded by USDA’s Food for Progress Program (FFP), nearly 3,000 subsistence-level farmers—many of them women—are increasing agricultural production, feeding their families, and having money left over to pay bills.
Llama Project in Bolivia
Bolivia is the poorest, most food insecure country in South America. Eight in ten rural families live in poverty. The altiplano, the vast, high‐plains region stretching across the Western half of Bolivia, is home to many rural indigenous families where development is hindered by a number of factors, including inadequate access to capital, markets and commercialization services for agricultural products and businesses; poor technology transfer; disorganized, and ineffective agri‐business value chains.
Female Farmers in Uganda
Since 1989, the development organization ACDI/VOCA, has been helping Ugandan smallholder farmers through the USAID-funded PL 480 Title II program. These programs have helped farmers increase and improve production so that they can not only achieve food security but also make money selling part of their crops to nearby markets. Currently, ACDI/VOCA is implementing a Title II program in Uganda that started in 2007 and will end in 2011.
Ugandan Refugee Farmer Group Now Overwhelmed by Success
For years, life in the Labongali internally displaced persons (IDP) camp consisted of long periods of tediousness punctuated by eruptions of sheer terror. A settlement of some 5,000 households displaced by a campaign of terror initiated by the Lord’s Resistance Army, the camp was one of over 100 IDP camps dotting northeastern and western Uganda, refuge for virtually the entire rural population.
Haiti Dispensary Fights Malnutrition
The development organization ACDI/VOCA has established 22 sites in Haiti where women and can receive ante- and post-natal care and have their children’s nutritional status screened. Currently, health facilities regularly monitor 365 babies in the Bodarie area, 365 families also receive related family rations.
Honduran Oil Palm Cooperative
Since 2008, a cooperative of 154 oil palm farmers that comprise the Aguan Valley Palm Producers Association (APROVA) more than doubled their profits and their fruit collection capacity and opened their own refinement plant with assistance provided by TechnoServe under USDA’s Food for Progress (FFPr) Program.
USDA Awards $20 million to Planet Aid for Mozambique Education and Child Nutrition Programs
Maputo, Mozambique—Planet Aid announced that the first shipment of U.S. food aid for a much anticipated three-year school feeding program for 60,000 children has arrived in Maputo, Mozambique. In 2012, Planet Aid, a not-for-profit development organization, was awarded a $20 million by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) to provide food aid, education and nutrition programs in Mozambique. Under USDA’s McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition programs, Planet Aid together with its in-country implementing agency, ADPP Mozambique (ADPP), launched a three-year, multi-faceted program to include health, nutrition, and educational development initiatives to benefit more than 1 million students, teachers, parents, and community members.
Tanzania Food for Education Program
In late 2010, PCI began implementing a USDA-funded McGovern-Dole Food for Education (FFE) program in partnership with District Governments and local communities. The goal of the program is to increase school enrollment, attendance, and performance of 70,000 children living in the Mara Region of Tanzania. The main objectives of the program are to: increase enrollment and attendance; improve the health status of children; and improve the learning environment for children. Thanks to PCI and the generous support from USDA, Steven Wasira is no longer the struggling school that it once was. With support from the FFE program and in-kind community donations, the program is building ten new latrines and water harvesting structures for the school.
Mozambique, DRC, Ethiopia Food for Peace Programs
In 2010, Food for the Hungry (FH) received $31 million in USG grants for food security programs with $15 million in cash and $16 million in donated commodities and freight. FH and USAID’s Food for Peace (Title II) resources are used to build sustainable development programs.
Progress in Training Primary School Teachers and Improving Literacy in Mozambique
Planet Aid, Inc. along with its in-country implementing partners, ADPP Mozambique (ADPP) and the World Initiative for Soy in Human Health (WISHH), are carrying out a 3.5-year multi-faceted health, nutrition, and educational development program to benefit more than 1 million students, teachers, parents, and community members in Mozambique. The program was launched in 2012 and is being carried out under the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program.
This progress update focuses on two aspects of the program: teacher training and student literacy. The program aims to improve the academic performance of 60,000 children through better quality teaching, and is set to train 4,000 new primary school teachers in Mozambique. In addition to improvements in classroom teaching, the program will establish 242 School Clubs in each of the participating primary schools. The aim of the clubs is to create a broader more robust learning environment to further strengthen academic performance among children.
Food Aid Nourishes Haiti’s Young and Hungry
Southeast Haiti has widespread food insecurity and high child stunting rates, and was hit particularly hard by the January 12, 2010 earthquake.
In the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, ACDI/VOCA worked with Haiti’s Bureau de Développement et Nutrition to distribute food to people in Port-au-Prince and the Southeast Department with funding from USAID. The program provided food aid to orphanages in Jacmel and Port-au-Prince, among other activities.
The distributed food was selected to nourish bodies, not just fill stomachs. “The food rations provide a balanced group of foods—yellow peas, grains, vitamin- and mineral-fortified foods and fats—to the orphanage to help meet the nutritional needs of the children during an important time of physical and cognitive development,” says KD Ladd, technical director of nutrition at ACDI/VOCA.
The program’s food distribution activities included providing food aid relief in Jacmel; Port-au-Prince and Tabarre as well as supplementary food to moderately malnourished children; and organizing food-for-work activities in the Southeast Department.
At the end of the short-term emergency program in December 2010, recipients transitioned to a Multi-Year Assistance Program (MYAP), which is funded by the USAID Office of Food for Peace. The MYAP promotes livelihoods, especially in agriculture; improves the health and nutrition of women and children; and supports an early warning system to reduce the impact of disasters on Haiti’s farmers.